The world is staring at a looming food crisis. It is likely to become worse as world population and climate change continue to take toll. To circumvent this imminent crisis, there is need to rely on sustainable agricultural technology.
In what is known as precision farming, technology is used to transform agricultural industry to be more efficient, less costly and more sustainable. It makes use of modern technology to ensure that the crops and soil receive exactly what they need for optimum health and productivity.
It is a robust approach that entails real-time data about the conditions of the crops, soil and ambient air. The technology links sensors with predictive analytics. Predictive analytics software uses the data to offer guidance on soil management, optimal planting times, harvesting times and crop rotation.
The good news is; these technologies can be integrated on mobile devices so that every farmer in the world gains access.
The sensing technology can be integrated to help identify fields that require treatment. The ability to apply site-specific nutrient management to match variable conditions can significantly increase crop productivity. Use of analytics and machine learning technology enhance predictability of disease and pest. The sensors further identify the amount of pesticides to be applied. This is important in controlling environmental impact while maximizing on production.
Precision farming is useful in optimizing the planting, growing, harvesting, and transporting of food commodities. Crucial agricultural data within a remote/region are collected and analyzed by a single cloud platform thus ensuring timely actions to maximize yield, minimize losses, and ensure sustainable practices.
Sensors are used to detect soil moisture when making decision on irrigation. This ensures effective usage of water as irrigation is only done where moisture of the soil has dropped.
Huge percentage of agricultural losses is as a result of unfavorable weather. Integrating weather forecast data in the precision farming is useful in making timely decisions on irrigation. It further improves logistic around harvesting and transportation. It is important to transport food at the right weather condition to avoid waste happening during distribution.
Digital advancement in technology makes it possible to maximize production by stabilizing crops. Israel’s successes in agriculture despite the harsh climate condition prove that technology can indeed help avert the looming world food crisis.